Law makes a society function harmoniously and efficiently. It protects individuals and entities and ensures the conduct of economic and social interactions run peacefully and smoothly. It serves as the major mediator of people’s relations. Each country and state has its own legal system.
Criminal laws protect the society from any illegal actions. In cases when a person or entity violates a law, the police can intervene.
Road and traffic laws
These are laws about the regulation of vehicles and traffic. Over time, informal rules and laws helped in the timely and orderly flow of traffic. Examples of such laws include driving using an unregistered vehicle, drunk driving, overspeeding, willful damage to vehicles, or illegal use of a vehicle.
Public order laws
A public order crime involves actions that impede the operations of a community and the functioning of citizens efficiently. It is contrary to shared social values, norms, and customs. Public order laws regulate these acts to ensure that the community is peaceful and safe. Laws can regulate drug use, carrying of weapons, public decency, riots, assaults, and defamation.
Property laws oversee the different forms of tenancy and ownership of real and personal properties. Examples can include trespassing, arson, theft, vandalism, littering, and intentional damage.
Crime against the Person Laws
These are laws the act on crimes against an individual. Often, these violent crimes are serious like homicide, assault, rape, and battery.
. Civil Law
Civil law originated from Europe and worked within the framework of Roman law. It codified the basic principles in a preferable system. It aids in solving problems that may arise between entities or individuals.
This includes regulations or laws that enforce specific promises. Usually, common law regulates contract law. But, statutes can supplement it, especially when it comes to consumer protection.
Employment or Labor law
Each worker has his rights. Governments enact employment laws to protect their people from unfair labor practices, discriminatory treatment, unsafe work condition, etc.
Family law resolves legal issues involving relationships within the family. It can include child custody, adoption, and divorce. Lawyers can specialize in cases of adoption, emancipation, paternity, and other matters unrelated to divorce. Some countries determine formal requirements because two individuals can marry.
Law of Torts
A torts law is a civil wrong separate from the criminal law, law of restitution, and law of contract. It is a violation of a responsibility imposed by law. It aims to protect the interest of an individual in his security, financial resources, tangible property, or reputation.
Administrative law is a law that covers a government department, official, or authority. It applies to cases when an individual decides to challenge an action or decision of the state. It also applies to cases against people who exercise public power.
Constitutional law is a set of laws that define the various relations of entities within the three branches of government: the executive branch, the judiciary, and the legislature.